According to the PRELIMINARY NATIONAL REPORT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGs) published by the NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION of Nepal, a couple of weeks ago :
* Approximate total electricity generation – 818 MW
*Thermal Electricity – 53 MW, Rest – all renewable, almost exclusively Hydropower
*Total National Energy Consumption
**** Renewables <= 12%
**** Fossil fuels >= 88% (Transportation and Utility Applications)
For a country which boasts of “Hydropower” almost as often as “Everest was in Nepal” or “Buddha was born in Nepal”, it’s a shame that we are one of the countries with so little share of renewables in our gross national energy consumption.
Simple math tells we would need at least 5000MW of clean electricity if we were to replace the fossil fuel based transportation and Utility sectors with electricity based systems. Our rivers maintain good flow for hardly 6 months in a year, and to meet the energy demand in dry seasons there is no option than to create reservoir based power plants which are known to have serious ecological implications. Besides, water security is soon going to be a big challenge, along with food security.
We took over a decade to react to #EnergyCrisis, and survived amid power cuts upto 18 hours a day.
Imagine water crisis, 10/15 years from now. How are we going to survive? Our super slow reactive government is going to take another 15 years to realize the problem and declare a “Water Emergency”.