The Anti-American Nebule : Why criticism of Bill O’Reilly and Stephen Colbert is NOT ANTI-AMERICAN !


Honestly, I did not expect this surge in web traffic towards my blog after my post criticizing the two intelligent Americans; Bill O’Reilly and Stephen Colbert, as they go on and on disparaging Nepal, Nepali and our culture on their national televisions. Even though both of them were seen with burst of laughter, it was not at all funny to us, and I really doubt, any American who has “traveled” and “seen places and cultures” would find that non-offensive but funny.

But when I read the blog after I posted it, I did feel like may be somewhere it was quite harsh to call what these intellects did in general an “American way”. I am an amateur blogger and and admittedly, I do not write quite often. But the way Mr Sudarshan Subedi was humiliated with such an irresponsible journalism, I was literally “P***** off” like many other people and I just had to “say something”. That was partly because people like O’Reilly and Colbert, who are blinded by their sense of overrating themselves, keep displaying their ferocious nature time and again with comments and acts to belittle other. And, it was also ironic to me especially because it has not even been 1 months that I had written an essay on ” Greatness of any society can be measured by the greatness its individuals, artists, scientists etc achieve” during my GRE Test, where at one juncture I gave an example on how American society can be a lesson for many other societies aspiring greatness and how other can learn from ” American Way” of sharing common dream, working hard, being liberal to differences and eccentricities and respecting everyone for the way they are. The progress of American society is undoubtedly largely based on such sense of mutual respect and mutual responsibilities. And within less than 1 month that I “idealized” American way, Mr. O’Reilly taught me a lesson with ironic display of what I again call the “behavior of an smug”. I was hurt with the way he belittled us and at the same time I got shocked and surprised how come American people find that “funny” ? May be I had overrated the American greatness or may be not as these two geniuses  are not the representatives of American societies.

Anyways, looking by the post, one might find it Anti-American, a label which is so infective that anyone with just a few wrong lines and few eccentric acts is likely to encounter. But that is not the case here. All this, because, more people from America have visited my blog in last 3 days than rest of the people from all over the world combined, which I think, is not very “mainstream”.

With big roles come bigger responsibilities and anyone who aspires to be a leader, more importantly a global leader, is expected to act, behave and handle things in certain way. A great society is not expected mocking other societies and culture. A wise and intelligent never mocks anyone calling himself “the most intelligent” as Colbert does while stating “America is the holiest land on earth”, if it is really so, it was never really necessary to “state” that, Mr Colbert.

Here’s something which I think most will agree with, and this is not something I said..

The greatness of America lies not in being more enlightened than any other nation, but rather in her ability to repair her faults.
Alexis de Tocqueville


Finding Peace in the ” LOUD “

Concentrating, focusing all our attention to the things we want to and avoiding all the distractions that our desultory mind keeps creating while we are trying to do  “something “, is at times very difficult, especially when your’re not having very positive view about the life you’re living, facing uncertain future and confusing present while fighting the regrets of the past. Admittedly, with pressure of deadlines, mounting piles of incomplete works, mediocre performance at things you are supposedly good at, frustration with the self, knowing exactly the everything we gotta do and things we gotta avoid doing an still not being able to “do what we gotta do” etc., they create suffocation and make it harder.

All of us go through such situations every once in a while. While some of us might be strong and intelligent enough to handle them quite comfortably, many of us who are not quite good at doing so might be left in despair. We try various things, from reading self help guides to meditation, taking a break from regular life, meditating, going on a holiday or trying out an adventure. But then, after we come back, get down and restart our work, everything might not have been “magically good” and the “concentration” problem might still be there.

It is a general trend that most of us go for a peaceful environment while trying to focus on the things we want to. This is undoubtedly an excellent method and works fine for many people. However, it may not do any good for a disturbed desultory mind. What I’m talking about is getting peace from the loud. Many of us try slow, soothing, inspirational music and they, as a matter of fact, work pretty well most of the times. But hardly many of us try listening loud and explosive songs while we are disturbed/distracted and can’t focus on our track. Surprisingly, it also works sometimes ! Well, may not work to everyone and all the time, but because it’s been working for me I’m sure it’s gonna work for some people beside me, as well.

I know, no one is going to advice you memorize the GRE Vocabulary listening the SWEDISH HOUSE MAFIA or TITANIUM by DAVID GUETTA but I’m doing it myself, right at this very moment. While the loudness of music certainly blows away most of the distractions my mind creates, at the same time I also don’t feel as pressurized and stressed while studying as I would without this music. This is probably because there is false sense of realization that I’m not actually studying but listening the music. Nor do I feel bad that I’m not studying, because, again, the similar false realization works as if I’m actually studying and the music is just a distraction my good mind created to cheat my bad mind making it feel that I’m not studying, but enjoying music !

CAUTION : This method is supposed to be applied only sometimes. I’m afraid our work will not be completed if we try doing it entirely this way.

Good day !


P.S Here is the link for some of the best Electro-Mix available on the YouTube.

WED 2013 and Relevance with Biomass Energy

Let’s begin with the theme of WED-2013, as derived from UNEP Site.

The theme for this year’s World Environment Day celebrations is Think.Eat.Save. Think.Eat.Save is an anti-food waste and food loss campaign that encourages you to reduce your foodprint. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), every year 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted. This is equivalent to the same amount produced in the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, 1 in every 7 people in the world go to bed hungry and more than 20,000 children under the age of 5 die daily from hunger.

While the planet is struggling to provide us with enough resources to sustain its 7 billion people (growing to 9 billion by 2050), FAO estimates that a third of global food production is either wasted or lost. Food waste is an enormous drain on natural resources and a contributor to negative environmental impacts.

If food is wasted, it means that all the resources and inputs used in the production of all the food are also lost. For example, it takes about 1,000 litres of water to produce 1 litre of milk and about 16,000 litres goes into a cow’s food to make a hamburger. The resulting greenhouse gas emissions from the cows themselves, and throughout the food supply chain, all end up in vain when we waste food.

In fact, the global food production occupies 25% of all habitable land and is responsible for 70% of fresh water consumption, 80% of deforestation, and 30% of greenhouse gas emissions. It is the largest single driver of biodiversity loss and land-use change……


Okey, so what can we do ?  Here‘s what we can :

Think next time you shop about how much food you actually need and don’t buy more than that; also think about where your food comes from and how it was produced – and if you don’t know, ask your retailer or restaurateur. Remember that every time you waste food, you are also wasting a host of valuable resources that went into producing and transporting that food.

Eat and support foods that are grown organically and locally – and if you can, grow your own. Eat to live, don’t live to eat – overconsumption is also wasteful. Remain aware that while many people suffer from obesity, millions also suffer and die from hunger and starvation.

Save food rather than throwing it away to be wasted. Saving food can be as simple as storing it correctly so it can be eaten at a later stage, giving it to someone who is hungry, composting rotten foods or donating to local food banks, soup kitchens or farms that require foods for compost.

So how does the Biomass Energy come in the picture ?

While reducing the food wastage is the first step in feeding the hungry population in the world, this alone is not enough. With already so many people going to bed hungry and many dying because of starvation, plus the ever increasing population, we gotta grow more and more than more. The production of crops must increase proportionally with the population, if every individual in the world is to get enough food and proper nutrition.

This means billions of tons of straw will be produced and the amount will keep increasing along with the growing crop yield. Ghaly  et al reported that wheat crop alone yields over 750 million ton of straw of which 60-80 %  can be utilized for energy through energy conversion processes like pyrolysis, combustion and gassification.

While the biomass energy is still in the phase of development and big commercial usage are yet to be realized, this technology is promising as well as necessary, not just to produce renewable energy but also for proper and better management and utilization of those billion tons of straw, the world produces every year.





People are amazing !!!

A while back, one of my FB friend shared a link with title ” I want my photos in all these poses ” !

These days facebook has become more like pass time reading and sharing CRAZY and WEIRDEST possible stuffs rather than “staying connected with our people”. From so called awareness against ” possible cancer due to scratching of recharge cards” to ” share and get a good news within 10 minutes” kinda stuffs, facebook has them all. Government of  India “found facebook and twitter(mainly,among other social networks) a prime cause of ethnic violence and its spread in ASSAM state”. See, how powerful they are, to SHARE ! With this it’s no longer difficult to establish a fact that ” facebook=share”.

While I was busy digesting what others shared and figuring out what to share from my side, I suddenly found that link ! That friend usually shares , to be honest,quite interesting stuffs,so without second thought I clicked the link and………………………………….

Forgive me ,but I don’t suppose my English is that well built to explain what I saw and what followed ! You can see what was on the link HERE !

That link leads to a personal profile on Google Plus !

Well, the person may not keep the content public after sudden traffic directed towards those contents ! In case you can’t find it, well, you’re late ! The show’s over ! The poster of the show is below !


 See what an amazing person did !
The poster for the show is here ! Click the link above and watch the full movie !

कसले सम्झेला श्रीलंका टापु लाई ?

कर्णाली , मुस्तांग , जाजरकोट …….
इ नाम धेरै सुनियो … राज्य ले उपेक्षा गर्यो , राज्य ले दिने सेवा सुभिदा मा जनताको पहुच वयेना भनेर … तर सुनसरी जिल्ला लै कसले उपेक्षीत भन्ला…. अनि श्रीलंका टापु लै कसले सम्झन्छ ? तुईन चढेर इस्कुल गएका फोटा त सबैले हेरेका छन् , पत्रिका , टिवी मा….. कसैले देखेको छ , कोशी तरेर इस्कुल गएका फोटा ?

नागरिक दैनिक बाट साभार :

श्रीलंका टापु ऐलानी जमिनमा

विश्वमणि पोखरेल/अमर खड्का, श्रीलंका टापु (सुनसरी) चैत ११ – सप्तकोसी पूर्वी तटबन्ध प्रकाशपुरबाट कोसीको मुख्य भँगालो तरी ३ किलोमिटरजति बालुवै बालुवाको बगर पार गरेपछि एउटा बस्ती आउँछ। आँखाले देखिने क्षितिजभन्दा निकै टाढासम्म फैलिएको बलौटे माटोको टापुमा छरपष्ट खरले छाएका कच्ची घरहरू छन्। जताततैबाट हिँड्न सकिन्छ, जहाँ बाटाहरू छैनन्। कहीँ कतै बिजुलीको पोल देखिँदैन। श्रीलंका टापुको नामले चिनिने यो ठाउँ १२ हजारको बस्ती हो।

मधेसका आदिवासी चन्द्रवंशीलगायत सबैखाले जातजाति पहाडका राई, लिम्बु, बाहुन क्षेत्री, मगरको बसोबास भएको बस्तीको नाम कसरी श्रीलंका टापु रहन गयो? उनीहरूलाई थाहा छैन।
सुनसरीका प्रकाशपुर र महेन्द्रनगरका दुई वडामा विभाजित टापु सप्तकोसीको पूर्वी र पश्चिमी भँगालाको बीचमा अवस्थित छ। हिउँदमा दुवैतिरका लामा लामा बलौटे बगरको बीचमा रहेको बस्ती वर्षामा मात्र पानीले घेरिन्छ र टापुको रुप लिन्छ।
कोसीबाट घेरिएको यो बस्ती सरकारभन्दा निकै टाढा छ। टापुका मतदाता चुनावका बेला भोट हाल्न कोसी पूर्वको प्रकाशपुर र महेन्द्रनगर आउँछन्, भोट हाल्छन्। त्यसबाहेक राज्यसँग अरु धेरै लेनदेन देखिँदैन।
यसअघि सुनसरीको क्षेत्र नं. ५ मा पर्ने यो टापुका जनताले दुई पूर्व प्रधानमन्त्री गिरिजाप्रसाद कोइराला, मनमोहन अधिकारी र जगदीश कुसियैत अनि अहिले संविधासभामा क्षेत्र नं ६ बाट भीम आचार्यलाई जिताउन योगदान गरेका छन्। यी नेताले आफ्ना मतदातालाई के के गरे त?
शिक्षाको पाटोबाट टापुको समाज खोतल्दा बलौटे मैदानमा खेलिरहेका बालबच्चा ७ कक्षाभन्दा माथि पढ्ने सोच राख्दैनन्। गाउँका तीन विद्यालयमध्ये हालमात्र जनता निमाविले ७ कक्षासम्मको अनुमति पाएको छ।
कक्षा ४ को जाँच दिएकी शोभा चन्द्रवंशीको मनमस्तिष्कमा कक्षा ७ सम्म पढ्ने योजनामात्र छ। ‘सातभन्दा धेरै पढ्न भागलपुर जानुपर्छ,’ उनले भनिन्, ‘एक घन्टा टाढा छ र वर्षामा डुंगा चढ्नुपर्छ।’
पूर्वी भँगालो तर्दा आफ्नै जिल्ला सुनसरी प्रकाशपुर पुग्ने उनीहरूको नजिकको केन्द्र सप्तरीको भागलपुर हो। हिउँदमा पश्चिमी भँगालो लगभग सुक्ने भएकाले आवतजावत गर्न सहज देखिए पनि वर्षामा दुवैतिर कोसी बस्तीनजिकै आइपुग्छ।
कोसीको भेलमा उनीहरूसँग डुंगाको विकल्प छैन। ‘अहिले जताततै बालुवा देखिएजस्तै वर्षामा जताततै पानी पानी हुन्छ,’ शोभाले सुनाइन्, ‘अनि कसरी टाढा पढ्न जाने?’
वसन्तीकुमारी चन्द्रवंशीको पढाइ त दुई वर्षअघि कक्षा ५ पास गरेपछि समाप्त भयो। ‘पढ्न त मन थियो,’ उनले भनिन्, ‘नजिक स्कुल छैनन्, भागलपुरसम्म जान समस्या छ।’

आफ्नो कक्षाका ३० विद्यार्थीमध्ये २० जनाले मात्र ५ भन्दामाथिको अध्ययन गर्न सकेको वसन्तीको भनाइ छ। १६ वर्षकी उनले अहिलेसम्म टेलिभिजन देखेकी छैनन्। दाजु र भाउजूको मोबाइलबाहेक प्रविधिमा उनको पहुँच छैन।
जसले जति सक्यो, त्यति ऐलानी जग्गा ओगटेर खनजोत गरी बाली लगाउन सक्ने टापुमा वसन्तीका दाजुहरूको तीन बिघा जग्गा छ। ५ वटा भैसी र १२ वटा गोरु छन्। उनीहरूको नम्बरी जग्गा कोसीले काटेर बगर बनाएको छ।
घरखेतीको फुर्सदमा मात्र स्कुल जाने बालबालिकालाई खाजा कार्यक्रमले लोभ्याएको भए पनि स्कुल जाने उमेरका २५ प्रतिशत केटाकेटी बगरको धुलोमा खेलेरै दिन बिताउँछन्।
‘दुई वर्षअघि सुरु भएको खाजा कार्यक्रमले ७५ प्रतिशत भर्ना भएका छन्,’ जनता निमाविका शिक्षक गोपाल मण्डलले भने, ‘बाँकी स्कुल आउँदैनन्।’
कौशिकी प्राथमिक विद्यालयका शिक्षक सुरेन्द्र चन्द्रवंशीका अनुसार भर्ना भएकामध्ये गयल हुने उल्लेख्य छन्। २ सय २५ मध्ये १ सय ५० देखि १ सय ७५ जनामात्र दैनिक हाजिर हुन्छन्।
‘बाबुआमा टाढाटाढा किनमेल गर्न गएको अवस्थामा,’ उनले भने, ‘बच्चाहरू घरको रेखदेख गर्न घरमै बस्छन्, स्कुल आउँदैनन्।’
शिक्षाको यस्तो टिठलाग्दो अवस्थामा स्वास्थ्य सेवाको अवस्था कस्तो छ त ? चेतनाको स्तरको मापक के लाई मान्ने? ज्वरो (भुखार) आउँदा स्थानीय गढैया चौकी पुग्ने उनीहरूका सबैभन्दा ठूलो डाक्टर अनमि चित्रकला कार्की हुन्।
गाउँमा तीन स्वास्थ्य स्वयंसेविका छन्। प्रमिला कविरत जस्ता स्वयंसेविका झोलामा विभिन्न खाले औषधी बोकेर हिँड्छन्।
‘बुझाउन धेरै समय लाग्छ उनीहरूलाई,’ १३ वर्षदेखिकी यी स्वयंसेविकाले सुनाइन्, ‘स्वयंसेविकाकै कारण खोप कार्यक्रम प्रभावकारी बनेको छ।’
टापुका अधिकांश दम्पतीका औसत ५ जना सन्तान छन्। ‘६, ७ जना सन्तान पाएपछि मात्र परिवार नियोजन गर्न तयार हुन्छन्,’ प्रमिलाले भनिन्, ‘एक, दुईमै चित्त बुझाउने निकै थोरै छन्।’
कार्कीका अनुसार टापुमा मासिक औसत १०-१२ देखि २०-३० जनासम्म महिला सुत्केरी हुने गरेका छन्। सरकारले गर्भावस्थामा चार पटक नियमित जँचाउने र स्वास्थ्य केन्द्रमा बच्चा पाउनेलाई जँचाएको ४ सय र स्वास्थ्य केन्द्रमा जन्माएवापत ५ सय गरी ९ सय दिने गरेको छ।
श्रीलंका टापुका महिला भने राज्यबाट पाउने सुविधाबाट पनि वञ्चित छन्। उपस्वास्थ्य चौकीमा बर्थिङ सुविधा छैैन। त्यसैले महिलाले सरकारी पैसा पनि पाउँदैनन्।
महिलासँग गर्भावस्थामा नियमित जँचाएको कार्ड हुन्छ। अन्य सरकारी अस्पतालमा बच्चा पाएमा त्यही कार्ड देखाएर पूरै पैसा लिन सकिने भए पनि आफूले दिन नसकेको कार्कीको गुनासो छ।
‘अधिकांशले घरमै बच्च्ाा पाउँछन्,’ उनले भनिन्, ‘नियमअनुसार घरमा बच्चा पाउनेलाई पैसा दिन मिल्दैन।’
वर्षाका चार महिना कोसी बढेका बेला कतिपय सुत्केरीलाई कतै लैजान पनि नसक्ने अवस्था छ। प्रविधिको नाममा गाउँका धेरैको हातमा मोबाइल छ, दुईवटा मोटरसाइकल छन् र तीनजनाले सोलार जोडेका छन्।
मोबाइलको ब्याट्री चार्ज गर्न उनीहरूले ३ किलोमिटर टाढाको प्रकाशपुर पुग्नुपर्छ, डुंगा चढेर। लोडसेडिङका बेला प्रकाशपुरमै दिनभरि कुर्नुपर्ने बाध्यता सुनाउँछन्, सतेन कविरत।
‘मोबाइल चार्ज समय र पैसा दुवै हिसाबले महँगो छ,’ सतेनले सुनाए, ‘एकपटक चार्ज गर्दा ५ रुपैयाँ र डुंगा चढेको २० रुपैयाँ लाग्छ।’
अनमि कार्कीले मोबाइलका चारवटा ब्याट्री राखेकी छन्। ‘साता सातामा घर गएका बेला चारैवटा चार्ज गरेर ल्यायो,’ उनले भनिन्, ‘अनि पालैसँग चलायो।’
टापुको जीवनयापन कृषि र पशुपालनमा निर्भर छ। कोसीको बहावसँगै यहाँको जीवन र अर्थतन्त्र चलेको अनुभव हुन्छ। एक दसकअघिसम्म मलिलो मानिने यहाँका खेत रुखो हुँदै गएका छन्।
परवरको राजधानी मानिन्थो, टापु। अहिले परवर फल्दैन। ‘कोसीनजिकै हुँदा चिस्यान हुन्थ्यो, खेतमा बालीनाली सबै राम्रो हुन्थ्यो,’ परशुराम चन्द्रवंशीले सुनाए, ‘आजकल कोसी भागेर निकै पूर्व पुगेपछि जमिन रुखो भएको छ।’
टापुमा धान फल्दैन। मुख्य उत्पादन गहुँ, मकै र कोदो हो। अहिले गहुँका बाला झुन्डिरहेका छन् र कोसीटप्पुका जंगली हात्तीबाट बाली जोगाउन त्रस्त छन् टापुबासी।
गोठबाट दाम्लो फुकालेर छाडेपछि एकैपटक साँझपख बस्तुभाउ खोज्दा हुने चरनको प्रचुर सम्भावना छ। तर, टापुका किसानले आफ्ना उत्पादन नजिकका सुगम गाउँभन्दा सस्तोमा बेच्नुपर्ने बाध्यता छ।
‘प्रकाशपुरका किसानले लिटरको ४६ मा दूध बेच्छन्, हामीले २५, ३० मै,’ परशुरामले थपे, ‘ठेकेदारहरूले टापुबाटै दूध किनेर अन्यत्र लग्ने भएकाले स्थानीयले कम मूल्य पाएका हुन्।’
टापुमा सुरक्षाको कुनै संयन्त्र छैन। दुई महिनाअघि वैदेशिक रोजगारमा युवा पठाउने काम गर्दै आएका इटहरीका भरत गुरागाइंलाई अपहरणकारीले त्यहीँ लगेर झन्डै दुई सातासम्म बन्धक बनाएका थिए।
सुरक्षाको कुनै पूर्वाधार नभएकाले टापु वन्यजन्तु सिकारीका लागि सुरक्षितस्थल बनेको कोसीटप्पु वन्यजन्तु आरक्षका संरक्षण अधिकृत अशोक रामको भनाइ छ।
पाँच दसकअघि कोसीका दुवै किनारामा तटबन्ध थिएनन्। कोसी पश्चिमबाट बग्थ्यो। त्यसबेला श्रीलंका टापु थिएन। अहिले कोसी पूर्वी र पश्चिम भँगालो भएर बग्न थालेपछि बीचमा टापु बन्न पुगेको हो।
स्थानीय बाबुराम कार्र्कीका अनुसार पूर्व कोसीको बहाव परिवर्तनसँगसँगै त्यसबेलाको गढौया गाउँ नामेट भयो। कोसी दुई भँगालोमा बाँडिएपछि ठूलो समथर भूभाग टापु बन्न पुगेको हो।
बाढी, पहिरोजस्ता आपतविपतमा परेर आर्थिक अवस्था दयनीय भएका जीवन गुजार्न यहाँ आउने गरेको पाइएको छ। सप्तरी, सिरहा, उदयपुर, सुनसरी, मोरङसँगै पूर्वी पहाडका खोटाङ, ओखलढुंगालगायत स्थानबाट आएका मनिसको आश्रयस्थल बनेको छ, टापु।
कोसी तटबन्ध निर्माणका बेला भारतबाट आएका बंगाली नागरिकको संख्या पनि टापुमा उल्लेख्य छ। जो यही घरजम गरेर नेपाली नागरिक भइसकेका छन्। टापुमा बसोबास गर्ने ऐलानी जग्गामा पाखुरी चलाएर जिन्दगी जिउने छन्। चन्द्रवंशी, उराव, थारु, यादव, कविरत, मुसहर, कोइरी, खत्वे, सार्की, राई, लिम्बू, बाहुन, क्षेत्री सबै खालेको घर बनेको छ, टापु। जनसंख्या र क्षेत्रफल दुवै हिसाबले बेग्लै गाविसको हैसियत राख्छ। तर टापुलाई वडामा सीमित राख्ने प्रकाशपुर र महेन्दनगरका नेता बेग्लै गाविसको मान्यता दिलाउन चाहँदैनन्।
नेताले टापुका बासीन्दालाई हरेक चुनावमा भोट बैंकका रुपमा प्रयोग गर्दै आएका छन्। २०४७ सालदेखि नै बेग्लै गाविसको माग गर्न थालेको शिक्षक सुरेन्द्र चन्द्रवंशीले सुनाए। भोटको राजनीतिमा टापुमा बस्नेहरूको झिनो आवाज कोसीको गर्जनसँगै हराइरहेको छ।

श्रीलंका टापु अनि कर्णाली !
श्रीलंका टापु अनि कर्णाली !